Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a disease that affects the retina in the back of the adult eye.
An Amsler Grid is a hand-held chart with a grid pattern which is useful to detect early visual distortion in wet macular degeneration.
Anatomy of the retina showing Drusen spots
Small yellow spots called Drusen can be detected during a complete eye exam. They do not always lead to vision problems.
When patients experience a decrease in vision and medium to large drusen are present, we use the term macular degeneration.
An ophthalmologist who is experienced in interpreting the results of sophisticated examination and testing should recommend the best course of treatment for each patient.
In a large clinical trial throughout the US, called the AREDS2 study, daily use of a combination of vitamin A, C and E demonstrated a benefit for certain forms of dry age-related macular degeneration. Patients were less likely to develop wet macular degeneration.
Most patients with moderate numbers of drusen can begin vitamin supplementation to reduce the potential risk of developing wet macular degeneration. An ophthalmologist should evaluate your medical history and determine whether vitamin supplementation is right for you.
The earlier that wet macular degeneration is detected, the greater the possibility that a laser treatment may be effective in maintaining vision. Therefore, patients are encouraged to use an amsler grid regularly to monitor changes, and to see their ophthalmologist if they have any changes or symptoms.
Additional information about ARMD can be found on the following websites: